Ceramic - Pottery Dictionary

by Susan Mussi

FAIENCE - The French name for Majolica method of pottery.

ca: PISA


Faience is the French name for the Majolica method of decorating pottery. It developed in France at the end of the 16th century in Quimper in Brittany and which today has a museum that covers this specialty.

This method was brought to Europe by the Arabs to their kingdom in Spain and at first it was made for their nobility in the kingdom of Granada, but it soon became an important export and was shipped to Italy, France, Holland and England.

What makes this method different from others is that over pieces of bisque, already fired clay, an opaque white glaze-base is laid and decorated, then the two are fired together to vitrify at 980º C. The verification turns the glaze-base into an opaque layer of glass and this prevents the bisque from being porous, accentuates the colors and integrates them so as the form another pne.

The products faience made were rarely signed and now are identified by their methods of working: the shape, the glaze colors and the style of decoration. They made tiles, baring mottoes or banners; apothecary jars with name and plates.

Catalan – Majólica / Holland – Delft / England – Majolica / France – Faience / Italy – Maiolica/ Spain – Mayólica.

If you want to learn how to work in the Majolica Method of decorating you can do it through this web or buy my digital book in Internet. Link to The Majolica Method
How to work with the Majolica method starts in this section of the dictionary and is linked through the whole process of working Read more about: BISQUE (1) Clay after the first firing.
To see tiles painted with the method Link to my web: www.ceramicsbensu.es/en

To see tiles painted with the method Link to my web: www.ceramicsbensu.es/es_