MAJOLICA: Colors (e) Using.
Overlapping colors: When I use the word shading it does not mean, as in many types of painting, a smooth integration of the same color at different intensities. This form of shading can be used in the Majolica method but traditionally, shading is created by the overlapping of completely different colors. The strength depends on the intensity of the colors when used. Overlapping two colors always produces a third color.
It is be done in two ways;-
a) By putting a strong color on top of a lighter color. They mix making the light color underneath darker, by makeing a third color and also act as shading.
b) By shading first with the dark color and then painting over it with the light one. When fired, a dark color under a light one can be seen, but the dark color appears softer and it has been intermixed with the movement of the brush
The following list gives you an idea of the colors most commonly used when overlapping. The overlapping of colors not only forms the shading, but also the colors of the object being portrayed, as seen in the grapes in the photos in the section, Majolica: Colors (g) Painting with colors
Colors commonly used for overlapping.
When I use the words soft or strong with colors, this applies to the same color, but the soft color has more water.
Blue with: Blue Light over shade with dark blue. The blue can then be covered with yellow, purple, and it becomes green
Brown dirty with: Manganese as the over shade. Brown strong as an over or under shade.
Brown-red with: Manganese as the over shade: Brown strong as the over shade.
Brown strong with: Manganese as the over shade. Brown strong as an over shade with many colors. Brown strong as an under shade with many colors.
Green dirty with: Green strong as an over shade:
Manganese: as an over shade:
Brown strong; as an over or under shade:
Green light with: Green strong as an over shade. Brown strong as an over or under shade.
Ochre with: Red-brown as the over shade or under shade. Manganese as the over shade. Brown strong as an under or over shade, use lightly.
Purple with: Manganese as the over shade. Blue dark as an over or under shade.
Blue light as an over or under shade
Red with: Manganese as the over shade. Brown strong as the over shade. Brown-red as the over shade or under shade.
Yellow with: Ochre as the over shade; it is not strong enough for under shade. Strong brown as an under and over shade, for theis use it softly as it is a strong color.
Green copper: paint the yellow first, leaving a little of the white base on the left and a larger white space on the right. Then with copper green, paint over the space on the right, covering some of the yellow. This will give you 4 tones, white, yellow, green-yellow and green. Blue shade first with a light blue, then accentuate the darker parts of it with stronger blue. Lastly, cover it all with yellow.