Ceramic - Pottery Dictionary

by Susan Mussi




Architectural sculpture is a ceramic design in clay with a flat back, so that when it is finished, it can be attached to a wall or any flat surface. There are two methods; Architectural Sculpture, where both the shapes and levels are in three dimensions and Flat Relief which is at different levels but flat.

The photos in the following three designs show how different techniques can be used together. Next to each design is a map with the layout of the pieces, where they join and how they fit together. All three are made with refractory – stoneware clay, which is strong and good for work that has to be left in the open air. It is clay prepared to retain its physical shape and chemical identity when fired to high temperatures. There are different types made with different textures and colors that can be fired up to 1300º C.

Can Rajoles. Is stoneware, fired at 1300º C, then decorated with colors and fired again at 1280º C. The red of the flag was painted with the on-glaze method and fired at 800º C. Note: In the past the color red could not be fired at a high temperature but it is now made for all temperatures.

Ceramica. Is stoneware, the letters and the background were molded in refractory and fired at 1300º C, then they were painted and all the pieces were fired again at 1280º C. The four plates were painted with the Majolica method and fired at 980º C.

Lleo. Is molded in stoneware in 3 sectionsand is flat but with different heights and fired at 1300º C. The front is covered with an opaque glaze-base using the spattering method then painted with the Majolica method and fired at 980º C.

The next section; Architectural Sculpture “Can Rajoles”